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Tactical deception is a technique used on animals used to misinform them in the advantage of the agent or human. The method is used with precise caution, and there are rules that have to be followed (Saint, 2012). There are various ways in which animals achieve tactical deception and camouflage is the most common method.

F1 generation also called the first filial generation is comprised of offspring resulting from a cross of between strains of two different genotypes. It can also be referred as offspring generation resulting from the cross of initial parents. Genetic composition (genotype) of the F1 generation is dependent on the characteristics of parents.

A great variety of animals and plant existing in the world has led scientists to organize them into groups. The classification has been based on similarities and dissimilarities of observable characteristics. Classification enables every organism to be identified and to be studied.

A: Suppose, the purple parent pea carries Pp, the white may be only pp. The cells of the white peas produce only gametes type p and the purple both P and p.

In order to compare nucleotide and DNA sequences of different organisms, a database hosting a number of nucleotide sequences is used, BLAST is one such example. BLAST database is a useful tool in determining nucleotide and protein sequencing. This is because a nucleotide query is fed into the database and various sequences that closely match these results are consequently displayed in a different window.

This paper, by reviewing a number of books, articles, and research papers on the relationship between avian sexual displays/courtship behaviors to their relative hormones, aims to describe the current status of affairs in this field, pointing the areas where future research may be needed.