Different cultures throughout the history of humankind have always paid attention to the importance of God. However, the nature of God differs from one civilization to the other. In the book The Nature of the Gods, Cicero emphasized that the issue of nature of Gods is one of the darkest and the most complicated (Maspero, 2014). A common theory that ‘unites’ all religions is the mutual belief in Universal God. For instance, when Christians, Buddhists and Jews say prayers to a God, all of them ‘communicate’ with the same God. The only difference is that the name of God is varied in many cultures and civilizations. In fact, the truth is that all religions have only one soul that is expressed in different forms. Despite numerous divergent peculiarities, Eastern religion, religion of Middle East and modern religions share many common features (Maspero, 2014).
The nature of God in such Eastern religion as Hinduism is based on Upanishads and Vedanta. God in these religions faces three basic features of Supreme: Braham, Bhagavan, and Antaryami. Braham is considered to be the all-pervading phenomenon of God, often referred to as the ‘soul’ of the universe. Bhagavan lives in spiritual sphere, outside the world of material things. Finally, Antaryami lives inside the hearts of human beings (Wani, 2013).
Buddhism, on the contrary, disproves the idea of God, who punishes sinners and disbelievers. Furthermore, Buddhists believe that an enlightened being saves human creatures from suffering and severe pain. Instead of believing in almighty God, Buddhism pays attention to the power of humanity (Thera, 2008). According to the traditions of Taoism that was originated from Lao Tzu, everyone should live in harmony with ‘Tao’. It should be stated that Tao has three different meanings: the way of reality, ultimate way of human life, and the way of the universe. The universe and the concept of God are equivalent phenomena (Smith, 2007).
Confucianism is explained as a philosophical way of life but not as a religious system. It is considered that Confucianism has more than 6 million followers around the globe. This religion does not have a figure of God. In spite of this, according to Confucianism, heaven is accepted as a guiding force of the whole Universe. Furthermore, it is heaven that guides and controls what is good and what is wrong. That means that it is not a God but heaven is a positive force (Rui, 2007).
Shinto is considered to be an indigenous religious system of Japan. Religion of Shintoism, often referred to as Shinto, puts emphasis on the importance of nature. Supporters of Shinto do not explain it as a separate religious system. According to religious beliefs of Shintoism, every part of nature, including a mountain, a tree, or any other natural creature, can symbolize God. The religious system of Shinto emphasizes that all human beings are pure, sinless, and sacred features (Eyfells, 2008).
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It is rather important to underline that Judaism is regarded to be one of the leading Semitic religions. Judaism is based on the existence of one God that is exclusively monotheistic. Correspondingly, God is indivisible and omnipotent. God is assumed to be a true Creator of the humankind and Universe. God has always existed and will certainly exist forever. In fact, God is superior to the life and death (Naik, 2007).
In Christianity, there is only one God that includes the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. It is usually said that to deny a trinity is the same as to deny Christianity. Understanding of Trinity is extremely important as it deals with the eternal nature of Jesus. Christianity claims that God should be apprehended as a triune by nature despite the difficulty of understanding (Naik, 2007).
The nature of God in Islamic religious system is relatively clear and simple. The holy concept of God is based on the existence of Allah. According to the nature, Allah is unique and indivisible. In this religion, God is a creator of everything on the earth. The essence of God in Islamic religion cannot be associated with nothing. Moreover, God is omnipotent and almighty. Furthermore, nothing in the world of humans has sense without God (Wani, 2013).
Sikhism is considered to be a non-Semitic type of religion that was founded by Guru Nanak. In religious system of Sikhism God is considered to be a creator of the Universe. The nature of God is limitless and almighty. Therefore, according to Sikhism, God has always existed. Furthermore, no one has ever existed before God. Besides, God has a power to transcend over life and death. God lives inside the heart of every human being (Naik, 2007).
The 21st century is, as a rule, referred to as an epoch of extreme mobility and interconnectivity that gives birth to new movements and religions. It is estimated that new religious movements and trends of the 21st century are aimed to secure holiness in the chaos of the present world. Majority of modern religious systems depend on such major religions as Christianity, Sikhism, Spiritualism, Islam, Hinduism, Shintoism, Biddhism, Zoroastrianism, Sant Mat, Mormonism, and many others. Majority of religions of the 21st century follow the idea that divinity is an interpersonal force that has a unique power to pervade all other things in the Universe (Chaney, 2014).
Telling the truth, I am a Christian, and I believe that everything written in the Bible should be understood, respected, and followed. It is the biggest religion in the world with more than two billion followers. According to the point of view of Christianity, Jesus Christ gave his life as a sacrifice two thousand years ago in order to save humankind. The doctrine of Trinity is the leading element of Christianity. In Christianity, God is omnipotent and almighty. The main idea of Christianity, in my opinion, is that God wishes us to seek, follow, and believe in him as God lives inside of hearts of human creatures.
As a result, every religion is said to be the ultimate concern for men’s existence. Furthermore, every religion is unique and has a right to be understood and followed. All religions differ, but in reality there is only one religion – the religion of God. The concept of existence of God is assumed to be the basic principle of all religions. Having analyzed Eastern religions, Middle East religions, and modern religions, the conclusion can be made that almost all of the above-named religions, except of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Shintoism, support the idea that a God, almighty and omnipotent, rules the world and all human beings.
Chaney, M. (2014). Faith in Motion: Religion in the 21st Century. Centre for Muslim States and Societies. Retrieved from http://www.arts.uwa.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/2591531/Faith-in-Motion-Programme-FINAL.pdf
Eyfells, E. (2008). Shinto’s Spiritual Value to the Ancient and Modern Japanese. Retrieved from http://skemman.is/stream/get/1946/3342/10458/1/Eyjolfur_Eyfells_fixed.pdf
Maspero, G. (2014). Topic 4: God’s Nature and Action. Summaries of Catholic Teaching. Retrieved from http://www.opusdei.org/en-us/article/topic-4-gods-nature-and-action/
Naik, Z. A. K. (2007). Concept of God in Major Religions. Islamic Research Foundation. Retrieved from http://d1.islamhouse.com/data/en/ih_books/single/ en_Concept_of_God_in_Major_Religions.pdf
Rui, D. (2007). A Comparison between the Christian and Confucian Major Doctrines: a Survey. Canadian Social Science. Retrieved from Retrieved from https://www.fsb.miamioh.edu/mis399/2010AsiaExplore/DifferenceBetweenCharistianityVSConfucianism.pdf
Smith, H. (2007). The World’s Religions. Taoism. Retrieved from http://www.worldwisdom.com/public/viewpdf/default.aspx?article-title=Taoism_by_Huston_Smith.pdf
Thera, N. (2008). Buddhism and the God-Idea. Selected Texts. Buddhist Publication Society. Retrieved from http://www.bps.lk/olib/wh/wh047.pdf
Wani, A. M. (2013). A Comparative Study of the Concept of God in Hinduism and Islam. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. Retrieved from http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-0213/ijsrp-p1460.pdf