The issue of abortion has dominated the global debate for decades. The topic has received numerous diverse opinions due to its controversial nature. Supporters of abortion have their reasons for the stand, while those opposing the issue also have their justifications. Some of the arguments from the supporters may include that the fetus is still undeveloped and that the mother has the right to choose what to do with her body. On the contrary, those who oppose may cite that scientific evidence shows that the fetus is an independent living being and that the practice is not ethical. The issue remains critical because it affects both the lives of the mother and the unborn child. Moreover, the issue impacts on some societal values, especially in the moral sense. For this reason, the issue whether to adopt abortion will remain a popular topic for a long time. After analysis, it is clear that abortion should not be allowed in the society because it translates to murder of an unborn child, and it is also morally and ethically wrong.
The first reason to oppose abortion is that the practice takes an individual’s life. Scientific evidence shows that even unborn individuals have life and portray an aspect of uniqueness (Nobis, 2011). Science has proven that after conception, a new life is created. In scientific terms, human beings cannot be compared to machines such as cars since such objects come to live through a process or stages. On the contrary, human beings acquire life wholly and at once (Kaczor, 2011). The only difference between unborn children and already born individuals is that they interact with the external world in a gradual manner. For this reason, after conception, despite having a single cell, the individual should be considered an alive human being. In this case, the size should not matter. Once the unborn child gains life, it becomes distinct with a unique code of genes (Rae, 2009). For this reason, abortion would be an ending of life and not termination a potential life. According to the above scientific analysis, it becomes clear that an unborn human is just as valuable as a child or an individual who is already born. In light of the above analysis, it would be assertive to state that it is unfair that a child has to be doomed to death due to the mistakes of the parent. Compared to a living child, the unborn child should have the same right. The above interpretation insinuates that the practice of abortion is similar to committing murder. Apart from the scientific justification, abortion also leads to the violation in terms of the legal sphere, especially the child’s civil rights.
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In addition to taking the child’s life, the practice violates the civil rights of the unborn child. The violation of civil rights occurs when an individual experiences discrimination and in the process of violating the individual’s rights (Nobis, 2011). As established above, unborn children are individuals. Human beings have a universal right to live, and no other human being has the right to deny others this right. Moreover, personal development is another human right. In the case of an unborn child, the individual is in a developing mode, meaning that abortion is the deprivation of the right. The United Nations affirm the above rights of individuals. Specifically, the organization’s Convention on the Rights of the Child requires the protection of children, either in the born or the unborn state (Kaczor, 2011). Thus, the unborn child has the right to enjoy human civil rights as portrayed by the national constitution and international organizations such as the United Nations. For this reason, the practice of abortion should be considered illegal.
Apart from considering it illegal, the practice may also be medically harmful. When talking about the medical argument, abortion has been proven to cause harm to the affected mothers and possible future children. In fact, the harm to the mothers can occur in various forms; therefore, it can be mental, emotional, or physical. Regarding the physical problems, studies by Fuchs et al. (2012) show that a wrongly performed abortion can lead to future complications such as miscarriages. Apparently, miscarriages affect the life of a future child because the chances of survival for the child involved in the scenario become low (Fuchs et al., 2012). What is more, there are such negative medical consequences for the mother as ectopic pregnancy and Pelvic Inflammatory disease. The conditions lead to complications on the side of the mother and apart from the medical condition, emotional and relational stress may arise. Research by Lanfranchi and Fagan (2014) shows that abortion has a direct link with incidence of cancer. In the research, the risk of a mother who has experienced induced abortion contracting breast cancer is 50% more than other mothers (Kaczor, 2011). In addition to physical problems, other related issues such as religious and ethical principles oppose the practice.
As stated above, the practice flouts religious and ethical principles. With regard to religious principles, many religions are against the practice. In fact, no religion has openly supported the practice. Many religions argue that abortion translates to the murder of innocent individuals. The religions attach the matters of life and death closely to their spiritual beliefs, and committing murder is arguably the worst religious crime. According to Christianity, abortion has two major negative consequences. The practice affects the individual’s conscience and destroys the relationship between the individual and God (Rodríguez, Wilson, Olavarrieta, García, & Sánchez Fuentes, 2011). Apparently, some of the religions and denominations that oppose the practice include the Roman Catholic, the Church of England, Islam, and Hinduism. In the Roman Catholic, the Church views abortion as an immoral practice because they believe in life after conception. The Church of England also upholds similar opinions with the claim that the life of the fetus is precious and valuable just as any other life (Schwarz & Latimer, 2012). What is more, other religions such as Islam and Judaism also assert that abortion is immoral. Moreover, Islam prohibits any career that engages in abortion. Apart from the religious arguments, ethical arguments also come in place. The first ethical argument is that the parents of the unborn child need to take responsibility. It is generally accepted that every individual should take responsibility for their actions (Schwarz & Latimer, 2012). For this reason, the mother and the father need to take responsibility for the child mainly because by engaging in the practice, it is judged that they had the knowledge of the possible consequences. After conceiving the baby, the mother adopts a responsibility towards her child, and she cannot think of terminating the pregnancy simply because conception was not a good choice for her. Moreover, the fetus should not suffer due to the actions of the mother. In the religious and ethical sense, it is therefore vital to state that abortion flouts the above-mentioned principles.
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In light of the opposition to the practice, there are counterarguments that aim at supporting abortion. One of the counterarguments is that the fetus is usually dependent on the mother mainly owing to the attachment of placenta and the umbilical cord to the mother. According to the argument, due to the above perspective, the fetus cannot be treated as an independent being (Kaczor, 2011). However, this argument lacks logic in its application because life is not determined by dependency. It is true that the fetus is dependent on the mother but only for development and growth. The mother produces nutrient and other things required for the growth of the fetus (Nobis, 2011). The relationship between the mother and the fetus is similar to that of a mother and an already-born child who is dependent on parents for food, clothing, and protection. In this case, the child remains independent regarding life, meaning that the fetus remains independent too (Rae, 2009). For this reason, the argument lacks appropriate justifications. Another argument is that science has proven that abortion is safe, and it does not expose the mother to future complications such as infertility. The argument seems selfish because it only considers the interests of the mother and not that of the fetus. Due to its favoritism, it does not prove to be viable. A similar selfish argument is that the woman is in charge of her body, meaning that she should have the final say regarding the abortion. Ethics would dictate that the mother should consider that the life of the child is at stake. If she takes into consideration such factors, then abortion would not be an option.
In conclusion, abortion should not be allowed in the societal or legal context mainly because its adverse effects outweigh any possible positive effects that the supporters may cite. The practice violates legal, ethical, and medical principles. Moreover, abortion flouts the popular religious opinion which may assert that the practice is morally wrong. Although some may justify their support for abortion, their arguments lack merit and justification. For this reason, abortion should be considered a crime and negative social practice. The best way to promote an anti-abortion behavior in the society would be educative platforms to enlighten people on the importance of taking responsibility and valuing an unborn individual. Furthermore, such actions would complement legal measures that would outlaw the practice, especially by limiting the practices of qualified physicians. With the appropriate education, the society would value the unborn child’s life, thereby reducing the instances of abortion.